Nahj Al-Balaghah

COMMANDMENT 31

From the father who is ( shortly ) to die , who acknowledges the hard ships of the times , who has turned away from life , who has submitted himself to the (calamities of ) time , who realizes the evils of the world , who is living in the abodes of the dead and is due to depart from them any day ; to the son who yearns for what is not to be achieved , who is treading the path of those who have died , who is the victim of ailments , who is entangled in the ( worries of the ) days , who is a target of hardships , a slave of the world , a trader of its deception , a debtor of wishes , a prisoner of mortality , an ally of worries , a neighbour of griefs , a victim of distresses , who has been overpowered by desires , and who is a successor of the dead.

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A new beginning of Heart & soul

If you’re my friend , I don’t fear any enemies

HAJJ is the symbol of spirituality on one hand i. e communicating with God , the heart becoming familiar with the verses of God and coming closer of the individual to God as much as possible on the other hand it is a symbol of unity-unity and integrity of the Islamic nation , removing the walls and veils and filling the gaps and distance which have been created by the enemies or have come into existence as a result of prejudice and illusions, it is also a step towards a single Islamic nation – and on the other hand it is the symbol of absolution from the enemies of God , absolution from the accomplice of idolatry and atheism. If God willingly these three directions can be embodied and personified in HAJJ , then we must know that it has provided us with its benefits . First of all , it is you and the HAJJ pilgrims who benefit from HAJJ ; and on the next level , it is the Islamic world and Islamic society and Islamic nation who benefits from it.

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Glossary of non -English Islamic Terms

ayah: Allah clear and significant sign or proof for His creatures, a Qur’anic verse

AL-Azim: the Great {an Attribute of Allah}

barakatuh: Allah’s blessings (pl. of baraka)

batil: invalid, incorrect

dhikr or dhikru-Llah: remembering Allah by uttering some words for glorifying Him, or doing so by heart.

Dhul-Hijjah: an Islamic Arabic month, the last month of the Lunar Hijri year ( between Dhul-Qidah and Muharram)

Dhul-Qidah: an Islamic Arabic month before the last month of Dhul- Hijjah invocation ; supplication, imploring for Allah’s blessings and help; prayer

Fajr: dawn ; the first appearance of Light in the sky before the sun rises.

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Sunan An-Nabi

I said ;O jibrail what is the meaning of trusting in Allah ? ” He said ; ”knowing that the creation can neither cause harm nor benefit and can neither give nor withhold {anything} and having no hope {of getting anything} from the creation . When the servant reaches this state , he does not do anything save for Allah , and he neither desires nor fears anyone but Allah , and he does not set his hope on anyone except Allah. This is the meaning of trusting in Allah.

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Imam Hussain:

Imam Hussain ( P B U H ) was the third Shia Imam and Prophet Muhammad’s grandson who was martyred and beheaded along with all 72 of his companions on the day of Ashura in Karbala . He left a will before departing from the city of Medina and travelling toward Iraq. you will see A part of Imam hussain’s will to his brother Muhammad_e_ Hanafia .

I did not rise up for the cause of Wickedness , amusement, corruption or oppression, but i rose up reform the the Muslim community of my grandfather { Prophet Muhammad( P B U H ) }. I want to promote virtue and prevent vice.

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Islamic Laws

Mutahhiraat

There are twelve things which make najis objects Pak.

1- water 2 – Earth 3- The sun 4- Transformation (Istihala)

5-Change (Inqilab) 6- Transfer( Intiqal) 7- Islam

8- Subjection (Tabaiyat) 9- Removal of original najasat

10-Confining ( Istibra) of animal which feeds on najasat

11- Disappearance of a Muslim

12- Draining of the usual quantity of blood from the slaughtered body of an animal.

We will explain all of them

Water : Water makes najis thing Pak , when the following four conditions are fulfilled: The water should be pure . Hence a najis thing cannot be made Pak with mixed water like rose water , or melon water etc.( Mudhaaf)

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A new beginning of Heart & Soul

The mystery and secret of HAJJ

The truth is that HAJJ is an exceptional obligation and extraordinary ritual filled with mystery and secret . Although a lot has been said regarding HAJJ and all of them have said something and have also expressed about eloquent and beautiful subject matters; but the question of HAJJ is much deeper than what we have understood until today. HAJJ is an absolute and profound devotional movement of -submission, humility, remembrance, worship , supplication and solicitation- in a state of congregation. Placing these two characteristics alongside each another makes the question significantly meaningful.

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SALAT ( PRAYER)

Glossary of Non- English Islamic Terms.

Al-‘ A’la: The most High , the Most Exalted {an Attribute of Allah}

ada’: Performing the duty duly or in time

Adhan: The proclamation for prayers, generally announced by the mu’adhdhin from the mineral or tower of the mosque

Allah: The Islamic Name for God , the Creator and Lord of the Worlds

Allahu-Akbar: Allah is the Great

(A . S .) short for Alayhis-salam, meaning Peace be upon him”, usually said for the infallible Imams or the prophets individually

ashhadu: I bear witness , I testify, I declare (that)

asr: afternoon, the period between midday (noon) and sunset ( evening)

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Arafa doa 11

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O He who does not take people, who disobey, to task in a hurry. O He who granted amnesty to the magicians )who confronted Moosaa on the behest of Firawn( although they used to, day after day, deny the truth,
خ to such a degree that while they ate their daily food, making use of His bounties, worshipped some one else other than Him, opposed Him, ran away from Him, and belied His Messengers.
خ O Allah! O Allah! O He who originated the beginning! O He who brought into being! There is no equal comparable to Thee, O Everlasting! There is no end )ceasing( for Thee, O Everliving! O He who, when there will be no living being,
خ shall bring the dead to life again! O He who keeps an eye on and watches over every soul, as towhat for and how )they( make efforts!
خ O He unto whom rarely I turned thankful but who did not deprive me of the supports of life; my lapses were many but He did not put me to shame; I boldly transgressed but He did not let )my conduct( become known!
خ O He who looked after me in my childhood! O He who provided me with the means of subsistence when I grew up!
خ O He whose favours bestowed on me cannot be counted, and His bounties cannot be reviewed in detail! O He who placed at my disposal goodness and kindness, )but( I, in return, held out evil and wickedness.
خ O He who guided me unto The true faith in advance, before I could learn “giving thanks” for the benefit received.
خ O He who was besought:in sickness, so He restored me to health, in bareness, so He covered me; in hunger, so He gave me enough to eat my fill;
خ in thirst, so He provided with water to quench my thirst; in nothingness, so He made much of me; in ignorance, so He gave me wisdom; in loneliness, so He gave me many friends; in obscure waywardness, so Hebrought me back to reason and virtue,
خ in insufficiency, so He let me have enough to live upon;in helplessness, so He took me to safety; in well-being, so He did not withdraw it from me; )whereas( I clung and held to things Thou had started, and was miserly.
خ Therefore, praise is for Thee, and also thankfulness.

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SUNAN AN- NABI

The Noble Prophet said to the Ahmad ibn AbiAbdillah’father that Prophet said ; Jibrail came (to me ) and said” O Prophet of Allah ! Allah has sent me to you with a gift which He has not given to anyone before you ” The Noble Prophet asked : what is it ? Jibrail ” it is patience; and something better than it .” He asked :” And what is that ? Jibrail said : ” it is satisfaction ; and something better than it.” He asked : “And what is that ? Iibrail said : ” it is abstinence; and that which is better than it .” He said :” what is it ? Jibrail said :” it is sincerity; and something better than that.” He said:” And what is it? Jibrail said:” it is certainly; and some thing better than it .” The Noble Prophet said : I said :” What is that O Jibrail ? He said :” The way to attain all of them is to trust in Allah.”

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Ali ibn Musa ar- Rida

Abu Dhar ar Razi and Muhammad ibn Aslam at -Tusi , the tow great scholars of the day , stepped out of the crowd and begged the Imam to halt there for a moment so that the faithful may be able to hear his voice. They also requested the Imam to address the gathering . The Imam granted the request and in his brief address told the mammoth gathering the real interpretation of , la ilaha illa Allah, quoting Allah , he continued to say that the , kalimah , is the fortress of Allah and whoever entered the fortress saved himself from His wrath.

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ALI IBN MUSA AR-RADA

Imam ar-Rida had inherited great qualities of head and heart from his ancestors. He was a versatile person and had full command over many language . Ibnu’l-Athir al-Jazari penned very rightly that Imam ar-Rida was undoubtedly the greatest sage , saintand scholar of the second century ( A H ).

Once, on his way to Khurasan, when he ( the Imam ) was brought by force by the guards of al-Mamun from Medina, he arrived on horseback at anaaysabur . Myriads of people gathered round him and all roads were overcrowded as they had come to meet and see their great Imam .

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ALI IBN MUSA AR- RIDA

(peace be on him)

IMAM Ali ar – Rida was brought up under the holy guidance of his father for thirty- five years . His own insight and brilliance in religious matters combined with the excellent training and education given by his father made him unique in his spiritual leadership . Imam ar- Rida was a living example of the piety of the great Prophet and the chivalry and generosity of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib.

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ALI IBN MUSA AR-RIDA

Name : Ali.

Title: ar-Rida.

Agnomen: Abu’l-Hasan.

Father’s name: Musa al Kazim .

Mother’s name: Ummu’L-Banin Najmah.

Birth: In Medina, on Thursday, 11th Dhu,L’-qi’dah 148 A H .

Death: Died at the age of 55 , in Mashhad (Khurasan), on Tuesday , 17th Safar 203 A H; poisoned by al- Mamun, the Abbasid caliph; buried in Mashhad, Iran.

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A new beginning of Heart & Soul

Cleanse spring season of nature, -filled with exhilaration of life-approaches at its permanent appointment; the season of HAJJ; a new spring of heart and soul; the season of birth and development of the soul of the life of belief in one God returns back every year in the divine and perennial time , to the heart of every Muslim who has taken himself to Miqat ( the stated place ) so that , like a blessed fountain , it can sprinkle the splashes of pure Islamic existence all over the Islamic word and cleanse the ones who have been successful in reaching this fountain; cleanse them of the dust and stains of sins and idolatry, materialism and desire towards ignobility and wrongdoing; and stockpile the source of goodness in them for a lifetime.

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Sunan An-nabi

His Relationship with the people

When he ate with a group of people , he would be the first to start and the last to stop eating . When he ate , he would eat from what was in front of him and if there were dry dates or fresh dates, he would extend his hand {to take from it } . When he drank, he would in three draughts. He would drink water in sips and would not gulp it down . He used his food and his left hand for anything other than that . He loved to begin with the right side in all his affairs, from wearing clothes to putting on shoes , to getting down from his mount.

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Salat ( prayer )

The salat, adhan, and iqamah are recited in 29 short Arabic sentences. Learning these 29 Arabic sentences along with their clear meaning is easy for anybody who is interested . at present in the advanced countries , one’s cognition of a foreign language is considered a part of the general knowledge . A great number of people in these countries speak at least one foreign language .

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iSLAMIC lAWS

Rules of Namaz:

Namaz is the best among all acts of worship. If it is accepted by the Almighty Allah, other acts of worship are also accepted . And , if prayers are not accepted , other acts are also not accepted . Offering of prayers five times during day and night makes our body clean of all filth and dirt.It is befitting that one should offer prayers punctually. A person who considers prayers to be something ordinary and unimportant is just like one who dose not offer prayers at all. The holy prophet has said that a person who dose not attach any importance to prayers and considers it to be something insignificant deserves chastisement in the hereafter.

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Salam to our friends

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Sunan an-nabi

Ali who said : In the heat of war , when the two side would charge at each other , we sought refuge in the noble Prophet as { he would be at the forefront of the battle and } there was nobody closer to the enemy than him.

Also : From Abi said al-khudri who said : The Noble Prophet was more bashful than a virgin girl behind a curtain. When he disliked something, we would see it in his face .

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Salat:

Those who opposed Islam used to ridicule the prayer-performers and sometimes , even attack and harm them . To perform their salat in peace , the Muslims used to go to the valleys around Makkah and perform their salat there in congregation . But the opponents often used to obstruct them , and occasionally , clashes also occurred. The pressure, harm and ridicule from antagonists, instead of discouraging the Muslim from performing their obligatory salawat, rather served to increase their pleasure in performing this pleasing duty of worshipping Allah.

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                    سورةُ القَدر

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحيمِ
In the Name of Allah The Merciful Beneficent
إِنَّا أَنْزَلْناهُ في‏ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ (1)
Verily, We sent down the Holy Qur’an In the Night of Qadr.» 1«
وَ ما أَدْراكَ ما لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ (2)
And what makes you know what The Night of Qadr is?
لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ (3)
The Night of Qadr is better than a Thousand months:


  1. The Night of Qadr meaning the Night of
    Ordainment is a night in which the Holy Qur’an was revealed to the Holy Messenger. This Blissful Event
    did happen in the latter part of Ramazan, month of fast; also it is believed by the Shiah that in the Night of Qadr, the fate of the world for the coming year will be Ordained by Allah the Almighty; and then it will be revealed to Imam-e-Zaman the twelfth Infallible Imam, by the Angels and the Holy Spirit for taking action accordingly.
    Translation)Saffarzadeh(, Page: 7041

تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَ الرُّوحُ فيها بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ (4)
The Angels and the Holy Spirit will Descend therein by their Creator’s Command,] to the Saviour Imam-e-Zaman) AS ( [to proclaim the Ordainments about everything;
سَلامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ (5)
Salutation be on this Holy night] which is Full of Grace and health [till the dawn of The promised morning.

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Fasting:

A person can make niyyat every night of the holy month of Ramadhan that he would be fasting on the following day , and it is better to make niyyat on the first night of Ramadhan that he would fast throughout that month .

The last time for making niyyat for observe a fast of Ramadhan for a conscious person , is moments before Adhan of Fajr prayers. This means he must be intent upon fasting at that time, even if he later became heedless of his intention sleep etc.

As for Mustahab fast one can make its niyyat at any time in the day, even moments before Maghrib – provided he has not committed any such act which invalidates the fast.

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ALI IBN ABI TALIB AMIR AL-MU’MINI (Peace be on him)

Name : Ali

Title : al-Murtada

Agnomen. Abu ‘l-Hasan

Father’s name : AbuTalib ibn Abd al-Muttalib.

Mother’s name : Fatimah bint Asad

Birth : In the Holy Ka’bah in Mecca on Friday, 13th Rajab 23 B H .

Death : Died at the age of 63, in Kufah (Iraq) on Monday , 21stRamadan 40 A H; murdered by an assassin who mortally wounded him with a poisoned sword in the mosque of Kufah during the morning prayer on 19th Ramadan; buried in an-Najaf al-Ashraf ( Iraq)

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AL-HASAN IBN ‘ALI AL MUJTABA

(Peace be on him)

Name : al-Hasan.

Title : al-Mujtaba.

Agnomen : Abu Muhammad.

Father’s name : Ali Amir al-Mu’minin.

Mother’s name Fatimah ( daughter of the Holy Prophet)

Birth: In Medina on Tuesday, 15th Ramadan 3 AH.

Death: Died at the age of 46 , in Medina on Thursday , 28th Safar 50 AH ; buried in Jannatu’ l -Baqi’, in Medina.

Imam Hasan was the eldest son of Imam Ali and Hadrat Fatimah . When the Holy Prophet recieved the happy news of the birth of his grandson, he came to the house of his beloved daughter , took the newly born child in his arms, recited adhan and iqamah in his right and left ears respectively, and in compliance with Allah’s command named him al-Hasan.

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Sunan An-Nabi :

In Makarim al Akhlaq : the Noble prophet was the bravest of all men, the kindest of all men, and the most generous of all men. One night the people of Madinah were alarmed (when they heard a loud noise) , so they {all} went toward where the sound had come from. The noble Prophet met with them ; and he had preceded them in investigating it, and he was saying : Don’t be afraid, while he was on the horse of Abi Talha and had a sword tied around his neck . He began telling the people : Do not be alarmed . We found it (i.e.this horse) to be as fast as the ( wave of the ) sea.

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Salat :

Islam right from its early days, has invited Muslims to perform salawat ( prayers) . In the beginning , when none other than the prophet ( S.A.), his wife Khadijah , and his cousin (uncle’s son) , Ali (A. S.) had embraced Islam , the prophet (S.A.)and Ali (A.S.)used to go to the valleys around Makkah to perform salat.

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fASTING :

Fasting means that a person must , in obedience to the commands of Allah , from the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers up to Maghrib, avoid nine thing whicw will be mentioned later.

Niyyat for Fasting:

It is not necessary for a person to pass the niyyat for fasting through his mind or to say that he would be fasting on the following day. In fact, it is sufficient for him to decide that in obedience to the command of Allah he will not perform from the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers up to Maghrib, any act which may invalidate the fast. And in order to ensure that he has been fasting throughout this time he should begin abstaining earlier than the Adhan for Fajr prayers, and continue to refrain for some time after sunset from act which invalidate a fast.

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The Twelfth Imam

Muhammad Al-Mahdi

(Peace be on him )

Name : Muhammad.

Title: al-Mahdi, al-Qaim, al-Hujjah, al-Ghaib, Sahibu’z-Zaman, Sahibu’L-Amr.

Agnomen: Abu ‘l-Qasim.

Father’s name : al-Hasan al- Askari.

Mother’s name : Nargis.

Birth : In Samarra’ , on friday, 15th Sha’ban 255 A H.

He is still living and will appear before the end of the world.

Minor Occultation: 8th Rabi’u ‘ l awwal 260 A H.

Major Occultation: 10th Shawwal 329 A H.

There existed a good deal of harmony and uniformity between the aspects pertaining to the births of Prophet Muhammad , the last Apostle of Allah and Imam al-Mahdi, the Apostolic Imam. Just as the coming of the Holy Prophet was prophesied well in advance by the preceding prophets, similarly the impending news of the gracious birth of Imam al-Mahdi was foretold by the Holy Prophet.

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